Timor Leste has both a President and a Prime Minister. The President is elected by popular vote for a five year term and upon election elects a Prime Minister from the majority party. On the whole the President is a largely symbolic position, with the Prime Minister being head of the government and residing over cabinet. The President does have some powers to veto certain legislation, however. Within Timor Leste there are  thirteen administrative districts (Lautem). The districts are subdivided into 65 subdistricts (Lautem), 442 sucos (villages, Maina II) and 2,225 aldeias (hamlets, Codo).

Within its 2011-2030 Strategic Development Plan (downloadable here), The government outlined numerous development priorities for varying design areas. Below are some key short term (2015) goals;

  • Sucos with a population between 1,500 and 2,000 located in very remote areas will be serviced by Health Posts delivering a comprehensive package of services
  • A revised ‘gender-friendly’ curricula will be embedded at all levels of Timor-Leste’s education system
  • A Designated National Authority for the Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol and a National Climate Change Centre will be operational
  • The National Academy of Arts and Creative Industries will be operational
  • All rural roads will have been rehabilitated by locally based contractors. Concurrently road condition monitoring surveys will have been carried out each year on all improved roads for determining maintenance needs
  • The Millennium Development Goal of 75% of Timor-Leste’s rural population having access to safe, reliable and sustainable water will have been exceeded
  • Improved sanitation facilities will be available in 60% of district urban areas
  • Everyone in Timor-Leste will have access to reliable electricity 24 hours a day
  • Feasibility studies will have been conducted on the long-term prospects of attracting gas processing facilities to Timor-Leste; on potential mini-hydro sites throughout Timor-Leste; and on the viability of building a thermoelectric power plant to generate electricity from Dili’s household and industrial rubbish
  • All schools, health posts and health clinics will be connected to the internet
  • There will be reliable and affordable mobile phone coverage provided to all Timorese people 
  • 55,000 new homes will have been built by 2016 to support families across the nation under the Millennium Development Goals Suco Program
  • Support will be provided to cooperatives undertaking private sector activity in a variety of areas 
  • Tonnage for rice (grain adjusted for losses) will have increased from 37,500 tonnes to 61,262 tonnes
  • Productivity of maize will have increased from 1.25 to 1.54 per ha
  • A Forestry Management Plan and a National Bamboo Policy and Marketing Strategy will be in place
  • An international tourist marketing strategy will be operating
  • A program of developing tourism infrastructure will be underway involving the private sector
  • The Civil Code will be in force to support contract enforcement, a Land Law will give security of ownership and certainty in development and a Labour Law will have been passed to clearly define the legal rights and obligations of employers and employees
  • The Timor-Leste Investment Agency will be established and contributing to the emergence of new industries and the diversification of the Timor-Leste economy
  • The principles of non-discrimination, sensitivity to gender issues and the protection of vulnerable groups and human rights will be guaranteed in the justice sector
  • The productivity of the agriculture sector will have increased significantly, the tourism sector will be thriving and expanding and there will be higher levels of private sector activity across all industries, including the growth of small and micro businesses


Useful information can be found on Government direction, initiatives and collected data in the Resources section.